Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. [45] However, the skeletal remains in both graves turned out to significantly predate Rollo and therefore are not related to him. He married her and she gave birth to his son and heir, William Longsword. Benoît also repeated the claim that Rollo had been persecuted by a local ruler and had fled from there to "Scanza island", by which Benoît probably means Scania (Swedish Skåne). Descendance de Rollon. Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911. William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy (893-942) 3. L'origine exacte de ce guerrier est difficile à définir. [47] Rollo's dynasty was able to survive through a combination of ruthless military actions and infighting among the Frankish aristocracy, which left them severely weakened and unable to combat the Rouen Vikings' growing determination to stay put.[47]. En échange, Rollon s'engage à empêcher les autres bandes vikings de remonter la Seine. Exclusif. Le chef viking récupère alors l’équivalent aujourd’hui de la Seine-Maritime et d’une partie de l’Eure. Descendance de Rollon. A genetic investigation into the remains of Rollo's grandson Richard the Fearless, and his great-grandson Richard the Good, was announced in 2011 with the intention of discerning the origins of the historic Viking leader. However, these claims were made three centuries after the history commissioned by Rollo's own grandson. He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. This victory paved the way for Rollo's baptism and settlement in Normandy. Linear motion systems leaders, since 1975. However, Ketill was a common name in Norse societies,[25] as were names like Gurim and Grim. Rudolph was recorded as sponsoring a new agreement by which a group of Norsemen were conceded the provinces of the Bessin and Maine. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. Descendance de Rollon Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Le successeur de Rollon. [9] A variant spelling, Rou, is used in the 12th-century Norman French verse chronicle Roman de Rou, which was compiled by Wace and commissioned by King Henry II of England, a descendant of Rollo. ----- Rollon, jarl des Normands : Considéré par les historiens comme le 1er duc de Normandie et le fondateur du duché normand, il ne porte pourtant pas le titre de " duc de Normandie " mais seulement celui de " jarl des Normands ", l'équivalent scandinave de comte, et le titre de comte de Rouen. [37] This would appear to be the motive for later concessions to the Vikings of the Seine, which are mentioned in other records of the time. De Rollon sont issues la majeure partie des familles royales européennes. A biography of Rollo, written by the cleric Dudo of Saint-Quentin in the late 10th century, claimed that Rollo was from Denmark (« Dacia »). On taking his oath of fealty, Rollo divided the lands between the rivers Epte and Risle among his chieftains, and settled in the de facto capital Rouen. [29], There are few contemporary mentions of Rollo. Rollon et la naissance de la Normandie La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. After the Norman conquest of England and their conquest of southern Italy and Sicily over the following two centuries, their descendants came to rule Norman England (the House of Normandy), much of the island of Ireland, the Kingdom of Sicily (the Kings of Sicily) as well as the Principality of Antioch from the 10th to 12th century, leaving behind an enduring legacy in the histories of Europe and the Near East. Le chroniqueur Adémar de Chabannes (988-1034) expliqua que Rollon, peu avant de mourir, aurait ordonné le sacrifice d’une centaine de chrétiens en offrande aux Dieux que le traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte lui avait fait rejeter. Descendance de Rollon; Sources [modifier | modifier le code] Complainte de Guillaume Longue Épée, J. Lair (éd. Dudo claimed that Gisla was a legitimate daughter of Charles. "[35] Instead, Rollo commanded one of his warriors to kiss the king's foot. Cette tradition est liée au texte que rédigea le chanoine Dudon de Saint-Quentin (960, †1043) au XIe siècle à la demande du duc Richard Ier : « Des mœurs … La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 juin 2020 à 22:36. Rollon livre de nombreuses batailles, dont le siège de Paris et de Chartres. It is also sometimes suggested that Rollo may be a Latinised version of another Norse name, Hrollaugr. [33] It has therefore been speculated that she could have been an illegitimate daughter. According to William of Jumièges, writing in the latter half of the 11th century, Gerloc's mother was named Poppa.[42][43]. Rollon et ses descendants vont s’attacher à agrandir cette « première » Normandie. Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson-1was born in 860 AD in Maer, Nord-Trondelag, Norway. One of Rollo's great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. [39], Rollo's son and heir, William Longsword, and grandchild, Richard the Fearless, forged the Duchy of Normandy into West Francia's most cohesive and formidable principality. [33], Dudo narrates a humorous story not repeated in other primary sources about Rollo's pledge of fealty to Charles III as part of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … [27][28], Dudo recorded that when Rollo controlled Bayeux by force, he carried off with him the beautiful Popa or Poppa, a daughter of Berenger, Count of Rennes. Rollo of Normandy (860-932) 2. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie. [37] It is still unclear as to whether Rollo was being given lordship over the Vikings already settled in the region in order to domesticate and restrain them, or the Franks around Bayeux in order to protect them from other Viking leaders settled in eastern Brittany and the Cotentin peninsula. [20] The Icelandic sources claim that Hrólfr was born in Trondhjem (now known as Trondheim)[21] in western Norway, in the late 9th century and that his parents were the Norwegian jarl Rognvald Eysteinsson ('Rognvald the Wise') and a noblewoman from Møre named Hildr Hrólfsdóttir. [10][11], Rollo was born in the mid-9th century; his place of birth is almost definitely located in the region of Scandinavia, although it is uncertain whether he is Danish or Norwegian. Installé dans la cathédrale de … He was succeeded by his son William Longsword in the Duchy of Normandy that he had founded. Quoiqu’il en soit, la tradition païenne scandinave se … Rollon, banni du royaume de Norvège en 874, prend la tête d'une bande de pillards vikings, mettant à sac les côtes de la Mer du Nord et de la Manche, aussi bien en Angleterre que sur le continent. There may be circumstantial evidence for kinship between Rollo and his historical contemporary Ketill Flatnose, King of the Isles – a Norse realm centred on the Western Isles of Scotland. La tradition normande fait de Rollon un Danois. Rollon répousera Poppa rapidemment après. In part, this disparity may result from the indifferent and interchangeable usage in Europe, at the time, of terms such as "Vikings", "Northmen", "Swedes", "Danes", "Norwegians" and so on (in the Medieval Latin texts Dani vel Nortmanni means 'Danes or Northmen'). The earliest well-attested historical event associated with Rollo is his part in leading the Vikings who besieged Paris in 885–886 but were fended off by Odo of France.[12][13][14]. [15] Dudo appears to have been the main source for William of Jumièges (after 1066) and Orderic Vitalis (early 12th century), although both include additional details. L’amusement , c’est de faire un arbre de descendance jusqu’à vous avec l’illustre personnage de votre choix ( roi Anglo-Saxon, roi de Pologne, de France, d’Italie , de Germanie Rollon chef viking etc .. Comme nous devons être des milliers de descendants de Rollon, je pense qu'un tel fichier existe non? Battu du côté de Chartres en juillet 911, Rollon négocie le traité de Saint-Clair avec le roi de France, Charles le Simple. Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963-1027) 5. Page 1 sur 1. While Faxe was physically much closer to Scania, the mountainous scenery of "Fasge", described by Benoît, would seem to be more like Fauske. Bien que modestes, les Creully de Saint Clair méritaient qu’on les étudiât, ne serait-ce que par leur origine royale et pour disposer d’un travail exhaustif sur la descendance agnatique de Rollon… "[31] Dudo retrospectively stated that this pact took place in 911 at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. Les résultats inattendus de l’enquête scientifique à Fécamp réalisée par des chercheurs norvégiens sur la descendance de Rollon viennent d’être révélés. When Charles III abdicated the throne to Rudolph of France, Rollo felt that his pledge and oaths to the kings of France null and void, and began raiding in the west to expand his territory, putting pressure on other rulers to propose another compromise. Retour sur un personnage dont la légende a éclipsé la véritable biographie. [40] The descendants of Rollo and his men assimilated with their maternal French-Catholic culture and became known as the Normans, lending their name to the region of Normandy.[41]. Design and manufacture of linear guides, telescopic guides and linear actuators. Comment ajouter mes sources ? [23][24] Ketill Flatnose's ancestors were said to have come from Møre – Rollo's ancestral home in the Icelandic sources. 1400)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Northern Sami-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:18. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) Following the death of their father, Gurim was killed and Rollo was forced to leave Denmark. Descendants of Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson Generation 1 1. If, as Richer suggested, Rollo's father was also named Ketill and as Dudo suggested, Rollo had a brother named Gurim, such names are onomastic evidence for a family connection: Icelandic sources name Ketill Flatnose's father as Björn Grímsson,[22] and Grim – the implied name of Ketill Flatnose's paternal grandfather – was likely cognate with Gurim. This has puzzled many historians, but recently the puzzle has been resolved by recognition that this refers to Guthrum, the Danish leader whom Alfred the Great baptised with the baptismal name Athelstan, and then recognised as king of the East Angles in 880. In 911, Robert I of France, brother of Odo, again defeated another band of Viking warriors in Chartres with his well-trained horsemen. Adèle de Normandie, duchesse d'Aquitaine, morte le 14 octobre 962, est une princesse du Moyen Âge, fille de Rollon le Marcheur et de Poppa de Bayeux, et la sœur du duc normand Guillaume Longue-Épée. En l’an 911, le roi des Francs Charles le Simple concède à Rollon un territoire de part et d'autre de la Seine. This has since been variously interpreted as referring to Faxe, in Sjælland (Denmark), Fauske, in Sykkulven (Norway), or perhaps a more obscure settlement that has since been abandoned or renamed. Il établit son camp à l'embouchure de la Seine en 896, remonte plusieurs fois le fleuve avec ses navires, prend Rouen et menace Paris qu'il vient assiéger vainement en 910. The seal of agreement was to be marriage between Rollo and Gisla, daughter of Charles. [36], Given Rouen and its hinterland in return for the alliance with the Franks, it was agreed upon that it was in the interest of both Rollo himself and his Frankish allies to extend his authority over Viking settlers. Hrólf the Walker was so named because he "was so big that no horse could carry him". comtesse de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comte de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comtesse de Blois, de Châteaudun, de Chartres, de Reims, de Tours, de Beauvais, de Provins et de Sancerre,, Article manquant de références depuis octobre 2014, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) These settlers were presumed to be Rollo and his associates, moving their authority westward from the Seine valley. Rollo (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; French: Rollon; c. 860 – c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France. ", "Skeletal shock for Norwegian researchers at Viking hunting", "Reflections of a Viking by Clive Standen",, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2020, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. Un site et des férus de généalogie (Généastar) au demeurant très sérieux ont constitué une liste de descendants de Rollon et des Ducs de Normandie. Normanring :: Divers. After the Siege of Chartres in 911, Charles the Simple, the king of West Francia, gifted them lands between the mouth of the Seine and what is now Rouen in exchange for Rollo agreeing to end his brigandage, swearing allegiance to him, religious conversion and a pledge to defend the Seine's estuary from Viking raiders. Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Ceci étant bien sûr pour convertir des heures de recopiage en apprentissage de ma filiation. The attendant bishops urged Rollo to kiss the king's foot to prove his allegiance. Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». Boujou. As was the custom, Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, after his godfather Robert I. De fait, les autres textes évoquant ce même Öxna-Þórir ne mentionnent pas de Göngu-Hrólfr parmi sa descendance . [37] 1 Rollon prit dans Bayeux une très noble jeune fille, nommée Popa, fille de Bérenger, homme illustre ; peu de temps après, il ... morte en 985 [voir descendance de CHARLEMAGNE], XX more danico 3 avec Sprota (concubine légitime), fille de Bernard Ier [voir dans descendance de