In 1989, Zürich still had some 356,000 inhabitants, and a period of stagnation was followed by moderate growth which took the population up to 380,000 by 2008. Major parks are also located along the lakeshore (Zürichhorn and Enge), while smaller parks dot the city. ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. [7], The official formal language used by: governmental institutions, print, news, schools/universities, courts, theatres and in any kind of written form is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, while the spoken language is Zürich German (Züritüütsch), one of the several more or less distinguishable, but mutually intelligible Swiss German dialects of Switzerland with roots in the medieval Alemannic German dialect groups. Zürich was one of six venues of the 1954 FIFA World Cup and one of eight venues of the UEFA Euro 2008. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). The Dada movement was founded in 1916 at the Cabaret Voltaire. Zürich Marathon is a long distance running event, covering 42.195 kilometers (26.219 mi) at one stretch. The Zürcher Theater Spektakel is an international theatre festival, featuring contemporary performing arts.[104]. Switzerland: Agglomeration Cores Contents: Agglomeration and Urban Cores The population of the Swiss agglomerations and urban cores according to census results and latest estimates. l’agglomération évolue de manière inverse à la taille de l’agglomération : 55,1 % de la population réside au centre à Zurich, 57,8 % à Genève et 71,9 % à Lausanne. As of January 2020, the municipality has 434,335 inhabitants, the urban area (agglomeration) 1.315 million (2009),[6] and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million (2011). By far the most important sector in the economy of Zürich is the service industry, which employs nearly four-fifths of workers. From the northwest to the southeast, the height of the mostly wooded knolls generally increases: the Gubrist (615 m or 2,018 ft), the Hönggerberg (541 m or 1,775 ft), the Käferberg (571 m or 1,873 ft), the Zürichberg (676 m or 2,218 ft), the Adlisberg (701 m or 2,300 ft) and the Öschbrig (696 m or 2,283 ft). [95], The Zurich Film Festival is an international film festival, lasting 11 days and featuring popular international productions. The partially channeled and straightened Limmat does not flow in the central part of the valley, but always along its right (northeastern) side. The sunny and desirable residential areas in the hills overlooking Zürich, Waidberg and Zürichberg, and the bottom part of the slope on the western side of the valley on the Uetliberg, are also densely built. The area includes a section of the northern Swiss Plateau. Later, busts of Schiller, Shakespeare and Goethe were also added. [31] The last regular election was held on 4 March 2018.[31]. The employment laws are less restrictive as nearby Germany or France. Since 2008, the SIX Swiss Exchange has been part of the SIX Group, as SWX Group, SIS Group and Telekurs Group merged. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Agglomeration & Urban Cores. Its summit can be reached easily by the Uetlibergbahn. In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city. The Offene Rennbahn otherwise known as the Oerlikon Velodrome deserves a special visit on any Tuesday evening in the summer, for cyclists there are chances to see time trial champions or local Swiss national cyclists challenging other amateurs in a variety of races including Madison or Keirin events. Bern's 2020 population is now estimated at 429,734.In 1950, the population of Bern was 193,743.Bern has grown by 3,783 since 2015, which represents a 0.89% annual change. Besides the three main daily newspapers, there is a free daily commuter newspaper which is widely distributed: 20 Minuten (20 minutes), published weekdays in the mornings. The portico is made of white and grey stone ornamented with the busts of Wagner, Weber and Mozart. Public transport is extremely popular in Zürich, and its inhabitants use public transport in large numbers. Any resident of Zürich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. [18] After Emperor Constantine's reforms in AD 318, the border between Gaul and Italy (two of the four praetorian prefectures of the Roman Empire) was located east of Turicum, crossing the river Linth between Lake Walen and Lake Zürich, where a castle and garrison looked over Turicum's safety. [101] Another is the Knabenschiessen target shooting competition for teenagers (originally boys, open to female participants since 1991). Le point le plus haut du canton de Zurich est le Schnebelhorn à 1 293 m, au sud-est. [79], In a 2009 survey by, Zürich was ranked 9 among the "World's 10 Most Powerful Cities". Located in Zürich, the Swiss Stock Exchange was established in 1877 and is nowadays the fourth most prominent stock exchange in the world. Le canton de Zurich (ZH - en allemand : Kanton Zürich ; en suisse allemand : Kanton Züri ; en italien : Canton di Zurigo ; en romanche : Chantun da Turitg) est un canton de Suisse, dont le chef-lieu est la ville de Zurich. Around the year 2000, regulations became more flexible and high-rise buildings were again planned and built. for many years ranked Zürich as a city with the highest quality of life in the world. Also, a part of the Katzensee (nature reserve) and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. [87] Zürich is also ranked[when?] As a result, the city is home to many multilingual people and employees generally demonstrate a high degree of motivation and a low level of absenteeism. [97][98] The Zürifäscht, on the other hand, is a triennial public festival. In 2008, the average monthly income was about CHF 7000 before any deductions for social insurances and taxes. Regional commercial television station "TeleZüri" (Zürich Television) has its headquarters near Escher-Wyss Platz. [31] As of May 2018[update], the Municipal Council consist of 43 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP), 21 The Liberals (FDP), 17 members of the Swiss People's Party (SVP), 16 Green Party (GPS), 14 Green Liberal Party (GLP), 10 Alternative List (AL), and four members of the Evangelical People's Party (EVP), giving the left parties an absolute majority of 69. The next four most popular parties were the GPS (20.9%, +9.7), GLP (15.7%, +6.4), SVP (13.7%, -4.3), the FDP (11.8%, -2.2), the AL (4%, new), and the CVP (3.5%, -0.2). The churches and houses of the old town are clustered here, as are the most expensive shops along the famous Bahnhofstrasse. Munich's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,538,302.In 1950, the population of Munich was 830,977.Munich has grown by 16,885 since 2015, which represents a 1.11% annual change. Most of Zürich's sites are located within the area on either side of the Limmat, between the Main railway station and Lake Zürich. Zürich is among the world's largest financial centres despite having a relatively small population. The curling season starts in early September and continues until the end of April. Also hiking trails are well marked with yellow signs, which give the hiker the probable time it will take them to reach their destination. Technology new start, FinTech and others in MedTech secure good seed and starter funding. The Treaty of Zürich between Austria, France, and Sardinia was signed in 1859.[28]. Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. La population de ces cantons décline en raison de migrations intercantonales défavorables, mais surtout en raison du faible nombre de naissances ne pouvant pas compenser l’augmentation du nombre de décès. Zürich has been the home to several art movements. L’AGGLOMÉRATION TRANSFRONTALIRE GENEVOISE EN COMPARAISON EUROPÉENNE Avec plus de 900 000 habitants, l’agglomération transfrontalière de Genève est la deuxième agglomération de Suisse derrière celle de Zurich (1 354 000 habitants) et devant l’agglomération transfrontalière de … [27] In this time the political system of Zürich was an oligarchy (Patriziat): the dominant families of the city were the following ones: Bonstetten, Brun, Bürkli, Escher vom Glas, Escher vom Luchs, Hirzel, Jori (or von Jori), Kilchsperger, Landenberg, Manesse, Meiss, Meyer von Knonau, Mülner, von Orelli. The 1,134 millimetres (44.6 in) rainfall spread on 133.9 days with precipitation throughout the year. ... L'Eglise, visitable sur demande, est restée intacte, et constitute un des joyaux du canton de Zurich. The Synagoge Zürich Löwenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zürich. [44], Zürich has an average of 1,544 hours of sunshine per year and shines on 38% of its potential time throughout the year. Work on the new Letzigrund was completed in exceptionally quick time and the stadium opened in August 2007 just one year after the demolition of the old arena.[110]. During the 1230s, a city wall was built, enclosing 38 hectares, when the earliest stone houses on the Rennweg were built as well. [15] The Latin stress on the long vowel of the Gaulish name, [tʊˈriːkõː], was lost in German [ˈtsyːrɪç] but is preserved in Italian [dzuˈriːɡo] and in Romansh [tuˈritɕ]. en allemand Zürich. The political power of the convent slowly waned in the 14th century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung (guild laws) in 1336 by Rudolf Brun, who also became the first independent mayor, i.e. Switzerland: Agglomeration Cores Contents: Agglomeration and Urban Cores The population of the Swiss agglomerations and urban cores according to census results and latest estimates. The most famous districts for Nightlife are the Niederdorf in the old town with bars, restaurants, lounges, hotels, clubs, etc. Among the most popular sports in Switzerland is ice hockey. Unlike those of the City Council, the members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession but are paid a fee based on their attendance. [35], In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 31.6% of the vote. Thus, Zürich became the fifth member of the Confederacy, which was at that time a loose confederation of de facto independent states. Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around 1990. There are on average 30 so-called summer days (maximum temperature equal to or above 25 °C [77 °F]) throughout the year, while so-called heat days (with maximum temperature equal to or above 30 °C [86 °F]) are 5.8 days. Following the Sonderbund war and the formation of the Swiss Federal State, Zürich voted in favour of the Federal constitutions of 1848 and of 1874. The population of the agglomeration cores and urban cores in Switzerland. Zürich lost control of the land and its economic privileges, and the city and the canton separated their possessions between 1803–05. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. One out of every eleven jobs in Switzerland is in the City of Zürich. He lived there from 1484 until his death in 1531. [7] The entire metropolitan area (including the cities of Winterthur, Baden, Brugg, Schaffhausen, Frauenfeld, Uster / Wetzikon, Rapperswil-Jona, and Zug) had a population of around 1.82 million people. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Zurich, which typically includes Zurich… The Pedagogical College, the Zürich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW) and the Zürich University of the Arts (ZHdK) are another three top-class technical colleges which contribute to Zürich's reputation as a knowledge and research pole by providing applied research and development. Zurich. Today the incorporated city stretches somewhat beyond the natural confines of the hills and includes some districts to the northeast in the Glatt Valley (Glattal) and to the north in the Limmat Valley (Limmattal). Artists like Max Bill, Marcel Breuer, Camille Graeser or Richard Paul Lohse had their ateliers in Zürich, which became even more important after the takeover of power by the Nazi regime in Germany and World War II. The so-called "Masterplan Velo"[51] is part of the superordinate framework Stadtverkehr 2025 which shapes the future of the different means of transport. The A1, A3 and A4 motorways pass close to Zürich. Population Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 428'700, an increase of 19'500 since year 2000. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Geneva, which typically includes Geneva's population … The Protestant Reformation, led by Huldrych Zwingli, made Zürich both a theological centre and a stronghold of Protestantism in Switzerland. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). the third most expensive city in the world, behind Hong Kong and Tokyo and ahead of Singapore. Zwingli translated the Bible (Zürich Bible) into the local variety of German, and introduced the Reformation by winning support of the magistrates, the princess abbess Katharina von Zimmern, and the largely peasant population of the Canton of Zürich. Zurich (German: Zürich, Zürich German: Züri) is the largest city in Switzerland, with a population of some 390,000 in the city proper and 1.2 million in the agglomeration area.Zurich is on Lake Zurich, where the lake flows into the River Limmat , in the north of Switzerland.. However, these efforts cause critique, mainly due to postponing. By the end of 2018, 32% of the city's population was made up of non-Swiss from a total of 172 different countries, all of whom help to make up Zürich's multi-cultural character. In the mandate period 2018–2022 (Legislatur) the City Council is presided by mayor Corine Mauch. The European Metropolitan Region of Zurich (EMRZ), also Greater Zurich Area (GZA, German Zürcher Wirtschaftsraum, Metropolregion Zürich), the metropolitan area surrounding Zurich, is one of Europe’s economically strongest areas and Switzerland’s economic centre. Many museums and art galleries can be found in the city, including the Swiss National Museum and Kunsthaus. The Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. As of May 2018[update], the Zürich City Council was made up of three representatives of the SP (Social Democratic Party, one of whom is the mayor), two members each of the Green Party and the FDP (Free Democratic Party), and one member each of GLP (Green Liberal Party) and AL (Alternative Left Party), giving the left parties a combined seven out of nine seats. The previous boundaries of the city of Zürich (before 1893) were more or less synonymous with the location of the old town.