Avec un guide certifié, vous serez guidé à travers le camp de concentration de Terezin. In terms of decoration, namely its professionally rendered murals and texts, this is unique among all the similar premises used as prayer rooms in the former Ghetto. Her reply implored the questioner to look around. A smaller number of the cinerary urns (about 3,000) were buried near the concentration camp in Litoměřice and a larger part (some 22,000) were thrown into the river Ohře, while the empty urns were then burnt. On the other hand, there was a great hunger for cultural activities among the Ghetto inmates. Employing specific scenic effects, this display succeeds in conjuring up the atmosphere of the life of the inmates imprisoned in the Ghetto. Principova alej 304 CZ - 411 55 Terezín +420 416782225 The whole complex of exhibitions comes complete with the latest display called ”Truth and Lies“, which is devoted to the filming of Nazi propaganda documentaries in the Terezín Ghetto. When Soviet troops entered Theresienstadt on May 9, 1945, they found 16,832 Jews. The site is now a memorial to the Jewish and Christian souls that lost their lives here. Le camp de concentration de Theresienstadt (en tchèque Terezín) a été mis en place par la Gestapo dans la forteresse et ville de garnison de Theresienstadt sur le territoire du Protectorat de Bohême-Moravie dépendant de l'Allemagne nazie, aujourd'hui Terezín en Tchéquie Roughly 80 percent of them died – 35,440 perished in the ghetto and 88,000 were deported to be murdered. Then, in large groups, they were transported to the east, to Auschwitz-Birkenau, when it was fully operational in late 1942. Contact us. : 00177288VAT Reg No. The task to prepare cultural events was assigned to the Jewish Self-administration, which organized concerts, theater performances, a rich offer of lectures and other programs. L'itinéraire. Originally wooden and later only paper cinerary urns were placed on the shelves in those premises. This almost intact Nazi German concentration camp is a soboring but highly educational experience. A film was made to show this mythic, idyllic city. It is necessary to book the visit in advance in writing: manager@pamatnik-terezin.cz, accompanied by the guide of the Terezín Memorial. Answer 1 of 4: Would someone be kind enough to inform me of how to get to Terezin Concentration Camp by public transport from Prague Old Town please. Corpses were placed in the incinerators without coffins, resting only on the bottom board they were attached to. On 10 January 1780, the Habsburg emperor Joseph II ordered the erection of the fortress, named Theresienstadt after his mother Empress Maria Theresa. Simultaneously, Josefov Fortress (Josephstadt) was erected near Jaroměř as a protection against Prussian attacks. In 1993, the Terezín Memorial was commissioned to build and administer the Czech Republic’s official exhibitions abroad, namely in Ravensbrück and Oświęcim (Auschwitz). A sleepy countryside town today, Terezín epitomizes one of history’s darkest chapters. Its cardinal wartime importance was eventually reflected in a plan to reconstruct the entire building and use it for museological and educational purposes. Day trips from Prague to the Terezin Concentration Camp (CZ) and Dresden (DE) Explore two major World War II sights in Central Europe in one day. In the remaining exhibition premises, visitors may view an exhibition called ”Art in the Terezín Ghetto“. Urns were first stored in the back section of the crematorium and then transported to the columbarium, located in the casemates of the fortification embankment opposite the funeral ceremony rooms and the central mortuary. In this way, efforts for a dignified commemoration of the Ghetto victims and correct explanation of its history, tasks facing not only the employees of the Terezín Memorial together with the former inmates but also other representatives of the country’s public life, finally come to fruition after more than forty years. Le camp de concentration de Theresienstadt (en tchèque Terezín) a été mis en place par la Gestapo dans la forteresse et ville de garnison de Theresienstadt sur le territoire du Protectorat de Bohême-Moravie dépendant de l'Allemagne nazie, aujourd'hui Terezín en Tchéquie Sources: Copyright © Project Judaica Foundation; “At Unveiling of New Terezin Monument, European Jewish Leader Warns ‘Lessons of Holocaust Have Been Forgotten,’” Algemeiner, (June 4, 2018). We get down at town square bus stop which is right opposite the information center, obtained information on the town and bus schedule, and walk 15 minutes to the memorial. Few people were incarcerated here from the time it was opened in 1780 to Hitler, the one exception being the assassins of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife in 1914. Terezin developed a deep feeling of family according to many of the survivors. Today, the names of the victims are displayed on the walls of the Pinkas Synagogue. At the time of the highest mortality rate, there were up to eighteen prisoner workers who rotated in permanent shifts. The Red Cross reported dryly that while war time conditions made all life difficult, life at Terezin was acceptable given all of the pressures. He was helped by six inmates from the camp. The village of Terezin was spruced up for the occasion. Two furnaces, designed to incinerate six bodies at a time, were installed in a space measuring 20 by 8 meters. These prisoners were primarily from Poland, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, France, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands and Greece. A limestone quarry under the Bídnice plain near Litoměřice was selected as a site for German war production. In the town of Terezin, the population had normally been around 5,000 people before the war. A civilian employee, assigned at the order of a local labor office, served as a stoker. In June 2018, a new monument was unveiled at the site of the camp to honor the victims of the Holocaust. One of these quarters in the building of the former Magdeburg barracks has been reconstructed and made open to the public. The project was codenamed Richard I (Elsabe factory) and Richard II (Kalkspat factory). The Red Cross was allowed to visit Terezin once. It was their work which allowed the outside world to know dramatically about life in Terezin. The elderly and families were brought in large numbers to Terezin. Inclu. Arrivals and departures of transports were key components in the organization of the Terezín ghetto, but it is only now that a complete exhibition is being dedicated to them. The Red Cross concluded that the Jews were being treated all right. It was established by the Gestapo in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín (German name Theresienstadt), located in what is now the Czech Republic. Il convient de rappeler qu’il s’agissait d’un camp de concentration et non d’un camp d’extermination. By 1940 Nazi Germany had assigned the Gestapo to turn Terezín into a Jewish ghetto and concentration camp. Up-to-date information: http://auschwitz.org/en/. To mark the 50th anniversary of the start of deportations of Jews from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, the first permanent exhibition on the history of the Terezín Ghetto was opened in the former municipal school in Terezín in the fall of 1991. Excepté 3.097, toutes seront tuées. The entire first floor is reserved for permanent exhibitions connected with the topics treated in the main display in the Ghetto Museum. A metal strip on the base of the pylon bore the Hebrew inscription “And the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces...“ (Book of Isaiah 25,8). A number of distinguished composers created works at Terezin including Brundibar or the Bumble Bee, a children’s operetta and a number of chamber compositions which only now are being resurrected and played in Europe and the United States. This manufactured components for the HL 230 Maybach engine, used during World War II in German heavy tanks (Panther, Tiger etc.). The exhibitions called ”Literary Work in the Terezín Ghetto“ and ”Theater in the Terezín Ghetto“ are installed in the right section of the exhibition floor. Ironically, this city served as a fortress to protect Prague from invaders to the north. After liberation, more than 1,500 died. The Terezin memorial/camp is 2 station before the town square. Guide professionnel / chauffeur During a single year, one in four inmates died due to slave labor and harsh living conditions. We met a survivor of not only the Terezin camp, but also Auschwitz in the morning in Prague at the spot where all of the Jewish deportations from … 150 likes. Permanent exhibition of the Terezín Memorial in the former municipal weighing-house. Lisez les avis des autres clients, consultez les horaires d'ouverture et obtenez des indications pour Camp de concentration de Terezín. As a consequence, starvation and disease proved rampant. You can see it from the bus, on the right side of the highway coming into the town. History Museum Six thousand drawings were hidden and later successfully retrieved to be displayed telling their poignant stories to thousands of viewers in Prague, Israel and at the U.S. : 00177288 VAT Reg No. The Czech Republic is renowned for its culture, wonderful scenery, bohemian castles and great beer but just one hour outside of Prague lies Terezín, a sleepy little town that holds a horrific testament to an age of unspeakable brutality. The so-called Ghetto, a concentration camp for Jewish prisoners from the then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, later also from Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Denmark, Slovakia and Hungary, was established in Terezín on November 24, 1941. In the town of Terezin, the population had normally been around 5,000 people before the war. Leave Prague to visit the former Terezin concentration camp, built by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. This video is about Terezin-Jewish Concentration Camp. Shop windows along that carefully guarded path were filled with goods for the day. Join a guided tour of the concentration camp memorial and learn about the tragic fates of those who perished here. A pride of place among the premises for worshipping during the existence of the Terezín Ghetto was held by the Jewish prayer room situated in today’s Dlouhá Street, which was discovered in the early 1990s. As larger numbers of people were crammed into smaller spaces, a sense of community deepened. This video is about Terezin-Jewish Concentration Camp. Visit to Terezin Concentration Camp 22 reviews See all activities in Prague See all Excursions for Prague 5. Based on the Resolution of the Government of the Czech Republic of 14 December 2020 No. There is no way to compare Terezin to Auschwitz-Birkenau or Treblinka or any of the other death camps where hundreds of thousands were gassed or murdered in other ways each year. From $58.04 pp A site steeped in history, Terezin is an old military fortress that was transformed into a concentration camp during the Nazi occupation of former Czechoslovakia. The exhibition includes an on-line search facility enabling visitors to look up former ghetto prisoners by name and find information about them from the database maintained by the Terezín Memorial. Terezín is contained within the walls of the famed fortress Theresienstadt, which was created by Emperor Joseph II of Austria in the late 18th century and named in honor of his mother, Empress Maria Theresa. The building containing the new exhibition is located where there used to be a railway line that played a key role in the transports, giving direct access to the ghetto. In 1994 a new permanent exhibition was opened here, devoted to the history of the political prison; it bears witness to the persecution of the Czech nation under the Nazi regime during the Second World War, and records the fates of Czech prisoners transferred to other concentration camps within the Nazi German Reich. La première a été un ghetto juif où plus de 150 000 Juifs ont vécu ; tandis que la seconde a servi de camp de concentrationqui peut se visiter aujourd’hui. Paradoxically, it later gained infamy first as a prison and then later during World War II as a Jewish ghetto and concentration camp. The latter display is found at the end of the corridor, opposite the reconstructed dormitory from the time of the Ghetto, where the sightseeing tour of the Museum exhibitions started. Due to reconstruction of the building the national exhibition of the Czech Republic will be closed until further notice. This is situated in the first courtyard of the building. This, in turn, was conducive to the promotion of a broad range of cultural pursuits, incomparable – in terms of their concentration and artistic standards – with any other place in the war-ravaged Europe at that time. The Nazis set up a concentration camp, a branch of the Flossenbürg core camp, near the factories under construction. Altogether, approximately 263,000 Czech Jews perished during the war, including 15,000 children. 17 Dlouha street in Terezin. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans The Jewish Ghetto was created in 1941. Terezin : la visite du camp de concentration de Terezin au départ de Prague. Visitors can learn about the tragic history of the so-called evacuation transports that arrived in Terezín during the final months of the war, when other concentration camps were abandoned as the front moved gradually westwards and their prisoners were taken to Terezín. But the Magdeburg Barracks were also known as a venue of major cultural events, divine services, lectures and meetings. Un lieu à l'histoire tragique et sordide. The Czech Republic is home to one of the most notorious Nazi concentration camps: Terezín. Il existe un tunnel sous-terrain de presqu’un kilomètre… From 1940 to 1945 the Small Fortress served as the prison of the Prague Gestapo. An especially difficult task, some had to pick out fragments of gold from the ashes and broken dentures, and hand them to the SS oficers. A solution was found in the establishment of the Ghetto’s Columbarium in the casemates of the nearby lunette, part of assembly point XXVII of the Main Fortress. © Terezín Memorial 2017Design by JiříHáček.cz, DS: w9qggpvReg.No. Order of the day on January 13, 1944 fixed the specific period of access to the site between 9:30 to 11:00 a.m. daily with the exception of Saturdays. The Red Cross was allowed to visit Terezin once. The exhibition also explores the repatriation of the Terezín inmates after their liberation at the end of the war. However, blood seeping from the coffins and sacks holding the bodies was clear evidence of the fact that the victims died a violent death. Based on the resolution of the Government of the Republic of Poland on the closure of all museums and cultural institutions, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum is also closed from 7 to 29 November 2020! This was the Nazis' model "Jewish town", a concentration camp beautified and staged for propaganda purposes. Notre visite vous emmène dans les endroits les plus importants du camp. Digital voucher accepted. Sunday we were taken to Terezin, a small town outside of Prague that was converted into a Jewish ghetto during WWII. The museological section of the building is primarily devoted to presenting, as truthfully as possible, the actual cultural life of the Ghetto inmates, whose true nature had been often distorted in the past. The Ghetto Museum also presents short-term exhibitions, documentary films are shown in the cinema, and a variety of brochures, books, videocassettes and souvenirs are on sale. Thousands of urns were placed in shelves there, as SS officers wanted to make the prisoners believe that the remains would receive proper burial after the war. In the years 1944-1945, some 18,400 inmates passed through the camp, designated as the SS-Kommando B5. Once a proud military fortress, the town Terezin has become a place of sorrow during the blood-filled years of the Second World War. : CZ00177288, +420 416782225+420 604241179pamatnik@pamatnik-terezin.cz, - Antonie Černá, married Šobotníková, Recollection No. By 1940, Germany assigned the Gestapo to adapt Terezín, better known by the German name Theresienstadt , as a ghetto and concentration camp. During this tour you will see the historical center of Dresden, which was completely destroyed by the controversial Allied aerial bombing toward the end of World War II and later rebuilt. Underground factories for the Auto-Union and Osram concerns began to be built in the spring of 1944. Spécialiste du théâtre des camps de concentration, Claire Audhuy, docteur en recherche théâtrale à l’Université de Strasbourg, reconstitue cette journée de mystification exceptionnelle à Terezín dans « Eldorado Terezín », une pièce de théâtre documentaire qu’elle a montée avec sa … Terezin Concentration Camp Day Tour. Departing from Prague, a bus will take you to the city of Terezin where you will be able to visit the Terezin Monument and the Small Fortress, as well as the Ghetto Museum. In this way, the visitors seem to be returning to the Ghetto at the end of their sightseeing tour. Part of the exhibition is a study nook for people keen on gaining a deeper insight into the subjects on display. Workers operating the incinerators tried to get all the human remains out individually and place them properly in the urns. In 1941 the Nazis removed the town's 7,000 inhabitants and brought in 60,000 Jews, creating a concentration camp. The Litoměřice camp, too, witnessed implementation of the Nazi program for liquidating prisoners, known as “Vernichtung durch Arbeit” (destruction by work). Certain inmates were dressed up and told to stand at strategic places along the specially designated route through Terezin. The transports coming to Terezín in the years 1941–1945 brought in many leading lights from different cultural domains. A film was made to show this mythic, idyllic city to which his henchmen were taking the Jews from the Czech Lands and eight other countries. Terezin Memorial: Concentration Camp - See 2,191 traveller reviews, 2,373 candid photos, and great deals for Terezin, Czech Republic, at Tripadvisor. Only very few participants and eyewitnesses of the wartime cultural events in the Ghetto lived to see the end of WW II. Once a proud military fortress and garrison town, Terezín became a place of sorrow during the blood-filled years of World War II. Terezín est divisé en deux parties : la grande forteresse et la petite. At the height of the war, the Ghetto/Concentration Camp Terezin held over 55,000 Jews. Jewish year 5704, according to the Christian tradition the period from September 1943 to September 1944. The so-called Ghetto, a concentration camp for Jewish prisoners from the then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, later also from Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Denmark, Slovakia and Hungary, was established in Terezín on November 24, 1941. Order of the day of the Ghetto’s Self-administration on October 20, 1943 allowed the inmates access to the place, but not to the Columbarium itself. Nombre de personnes décédées dans le camp de Terezin : 33.430 Nombre de personnes à Terezin lors de la libération : 25.793 dont arrivées après octobre (évacuations d autres camps) : 13.451 Entre janvier 1942 et octobre 1944, 86.934 personnes seront déportées dans les camps d extermination. Terezín, built from 1780 to 1790, was named by Emperor Joseph II after his mother, Empress Maria Theresa. There, the elderly were sent immediately to the gas chambers while the younger inmates who still could work, were temporarily spared. 140,000 people were deported here by the Nazis when it served them as a GESTAPO prison, ghetto and concentration camp during the Holocaust. Terezin families were, in some instances, kept together at Birkenau, in family barracks, until their fate was met. The space near the pylon was called the Memorial Site of the Columbarium. Notable musicians, writers, artists, and leaders were sent there for “safer” keeping than was to be afforded elsewhere in Hitler’s quest to stave off any uprisings or objections around the so-called civilized world. Outre le manque de logements, les salles de bains, l’eau sévèrement limitée et contaminée, et la ville manquait d’électricité suffisante. Prison guards accompanying the transport supervised these cremations and were careful not to let the prisoners working at the crematorium catch a glimpse of the bodies. It was here that the Jewish artists were sent after having been caught stealing paper and other supplies with which they produced writings that recorded daily life in Terezin. Book through Klook and go on a tour from the country’s magnificent capital to … Terezin as it is know in Czech is known as Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in German. Although the building was named after his mother, Maria Theresa, it was supposed to be used for defence. During the process of covering up the traces of the crimes committed by the Nazis, the Columbarium was cleared away in November 1944, which had to be done by the inmates within several days. These artists also stole materials so the children could surreptitiously create their works of art. Because it was easily accessible and easy to guard, the Austrians used it to strengthen their defense system against the Prussians. Until the end of the war more than 150,000 deportees passed through the camp, 35,000 of whom died there. Their bodies were cremated at the small crematorium with its four gas ovens. This ruse worked for a very long time, to the great detriment of the nearly two hundred thousand men, women and children who passed through its gates as a way station to the east and probable death. Les bus publics partent de la gare de Florenc, dans le centre de Prague, et durent environ une heure. It continued through the so-called dry ditch between the redoubt and the rampart of ravelin XVI to the passageway over whose gate hung the Hebrew inscription “taf-shin-dalet“, i.e. View of the first courtyard of the Small Fortress of the concentration camp … A reconstructed dormitory of the inmates from the time of the Ghetto is situated in the left part of the exhibition floor, offering an example of mass accommodation of prisoners in a typical Terezín barracks. In their entirety, the exhibits provide a reliable testimony and a vivid picture of the life, hopes and anxieties of the Ghetto inmates. Terezin Concentration Camp . À l’intérieur du camp de concentration, vous pourrez visiter des baraquements, des cours intérieures, des cellules et d’autres pièces. Terezín is a fortress built by the Hapsburg emperor, Josef II, during the Enlightenment period. See the concentration camp as it is today and the small town, visit inside the barracks and the Ghetto Museum. After the Nazi occupation of the Czech lands, the Magdeburg Barracks, as the former Jan Jiskra of Brandýs Barracks were originally known, played a particularly important role in the Ghetto. This presents both works of art created by the best-known artists who stayed in the Ghetto as well as works by lesser-known authors. The fascinating story of this unique chapter in Europe’s cultural history constitutes a message that is known to address also present-day people with a particularly strong impact. Fortunately, this emergency residential space above the chapel was not rebuilt later on and could be turned back into a space similar to that of the ghetto times. The Barracks housed the offices of the different departments of the Ghetto’s so-called Jewish Self-administration, as well as flats of some of the Ghetto’s leading office holders. Whenever the mortality rate dropped, the number of workers decreased to four. See the Small Fortress and the Ghetto Museum, too. Joseph II named this village after his mother, Maria Teresia, calling it Terezin. until 23 December 2020, all buildings of the Terezín Memorial will be closed to the public. Records kept by the crematorium workers noted approx. Russian forces liberated Terezín on May 10, 1945, 8 days after Berlin had fallen to the Allies. The exhibition explains the systems used by the Nazis when transporting Jews from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (and later from other Nazi-occupied territories) to the Terezín ghetto and when dispatching transports onwards from Terezín to the extermination, concentration and slave labour camps – especially to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Theresienstadt concentration camp (often referred to as Terezín) was a Nazi German concentration camp during World War II. The Jewish Ghetto was created in 1941. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2020 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. The Ghetto’s cultural life proceeded, just as any other activities in Terezín, under the enduring threat of transports that kept carrying away both protagonists and spectators of such cultural events to places of annihilation or slave labor. The prison was and is a "regular" 18th and 19th century town that was walled in and packed with Jewish and E. Europe prisoners . Experience all of this with your own private tour guide. Filming in the Terezín ghetto 1942 – 1945, Exequies in the Ghetto and the Central Morgue. Le camp de concentration de Terezin est situé dans la ville fortifiée de Terezín, dans le nord de la Bohême, à 48 kilomètres au nord-ouest de Prague. Terezin, by comparison was a place to which people would apply so as to avoid a worse fate. When the Red Cross representative appeared before this young mother, she remembers being asked how it was to live in Terezin during those days. While exploring the unused attic of the building, the remains of one of the “closets” were discovered. Join a guided tour of the concentration camp memorial, and learn about the tragic fate of all those who perished here.